[4][5] These research centers are around the globe, with most in the Global South and Vavilov Centers of agricultural crop genetic diversity. [4] CGIAR research aims to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve human health and nutrition, and sustainable management of natural resources. Representatives of Funders and developing countries meet as a System Council, governed by the CGIAR System Framework, to keep under review the strategy, mission, impact and continued relevancy of the CGIAR System in a rapidly changing landscape of agricultural research for development. However the research programs were designed prior to the Framework being ready, so now some refitting will have to take place to get the programs inline with it. The ISDC contributes to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR. CGIAR components include the CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, the CGIAR Fund,[19] the CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC)[20] and partners. The ISDC provides its advice within the broader context of CGIAR’s Strategy and Results Framework (SRF), the multi-year CGIAR Business Plans and in the current transition to One CGIAR1 as endorsed by the System Council. Three Challenge Programs were established within the supported research centers and a fourth to FARA, a research forum in Africa: Since CGIAR was established there have been large changes in the agricultural research "landscape". The CGIAR Fund aims to harmonize the efforts of donors to contribute to agricultural research for development, increase the funding available by reducing or eliminating duplication of effort among the centers and promote greater financial stability. forward. CGIAR’s global network of 15 Research Centers contributes to an unrivalled mix of knowledge, skills and research facilities able to respond to emerging development issues. The introduction of no-tillage systems in the rice-wheat systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plains, for example, generated economic benefits of about US$165 million between 1990 and 2010 from an investment of only US$3.5 million. CGIAR originally supported four centres: CIMMYT; International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). The CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers was established in April 2010 to coordinate and support the work of the 15 international agricultural research centers supported by CGIAR. Later another center (ISNAR) was absorbed[clarification needed], reducing the total number of supported centers to 15.[11]. Starting in 1943, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican government laid the seeds for the Green Revolution when they established the Office of Special Studies, which resulted in the establishment of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in 1960 and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in 1963 with support from the Rockefeller Foundation and Ford Foundation, developing high-yielding, disease-resistant varieties that dramatically increased production of these staple cereals, and turned India, for example, from a country regularly facing starvation in the 1960s to a net exporter of cereals by the late-1970s. [50], CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, Members of the CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, Kloppenburg, Jr., Jack Ralph (2004) First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology, 1492-2000, Second Edition, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, reliable, independent, third-party sources, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Fund for Agricultural Development, Fund of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC Fund), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Pearson Commission on International Development, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases, International Livestock Centre for Africa, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Center for International Forestry Research, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, International Food Policy Research Institute, International Livestock Research Institute, International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, International Service for National Agricultural Research, "CGIAR: Science for humanity's greatest challenges", "The CGIAR at 40 and Beyond : Impacts that Matter for the Poor and the Planet", "Changing Agricultural Research in a Changing World : A Strategy and Results Framework for the Reformed CGIAR", "Research for Development > Water and Food Challenge Programme", "HarvestPlus / International / S&T Organisations / Home - Knowledge for Development", "The Generation Challenge Programme Platform: Semantic Standards and Workbench for Crop Science", "Global food security under climate change", "Independent Science & Partnership Council: ISPC home", "Home - CCAFS: CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security", "European Commission : CORDIS : Go local : Member States Newsroom", "CGIAR Research Program on WHEAT » CGIAR Research Program on WHEAT", "CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish - More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor", "International Livestock Research Institute", "Agriculture for Nutrition and Health - CGIAR Research Program", "CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems / CGIAR", "Policies, Institutions and Markets - CGIAR Research Program", "Science Council Brief : Standing Panel on Impact Assessment : Number 1", International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=CGIAR&oldid=985524898, Agricultural organizations based in France, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2012, Articles with weasel words from February 2012, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He led CIAT from 2009 to 2019 and in 2019 promoted the creation of the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. The CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) recently launched 'Agriculture & Food Systems to 2050 - Global Trends, Challenges and Opportunities.' ISDC Council The ISDC is a standing panel of eminent scientific experts appointed by the CGIAR System Council. The reduction in the number of supported centers was not enough to address problems facing the group. CGIAR's vision is supported by four strategic objectives: The Strategy and Results Framework[9] describes how CGIAR intends to work towards those objectives. In the mid-2000s Ruben was Executive Director of the Science Council of the CGIAR, based at FAO Rome. Terms of Reference of CGIAR’s . CGIAR science is dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. The appointments will be made to bring in additional key competencies and diversity required for the Council’s effective composition, with specific disciplines and skills being particularly sought in 2020 around: water and soil management; non-economic social sciences; key development process experience and stakeholder engagement; and value chains and the private sector. The CGIAR Fund was established in January 2010 and is based in Washington, DC. [47][48] The monetary value of CGIAR's investment in crop improvement is considerable, running into the billions of dollars. The impacts of CGIAR research have been extensively assessed, as demonstrated by a review article published in the journal Food Policy in 2010. All enquiries on applications and nominations should be made in writing to ISDCappointments@cgiar.org. www.cgiar.org. About The CGIAR Advisory Services (CAS) comprise the Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC), the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA), and an independent evaluation function implemented at the request of CGIAR System Council. An assessment of the impact of crop breeding efforts at CGIAR centers between 1965 and 1998 showed CGIAR involvement in 65 percent of the area planted to ten crops addressed by CGIAR, specifically wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, millet, barley, lentils, beans, cassava, and potatoes. CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) is a global partnership that unites international organizations engaged in research about food security. NASA Science Cargo Heads to Space Station on Northrop Grumman Mission: 1: NASA 2019 Early Career Public Service Medal Awardee: Megan Johnson: 1: NASA scientist promises certain proof extraterrestrial life: 1: NASA’s New Posters and the Retro Travel Ads That Inspired Them: 1 Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR centers, including CIMMYT. 1.1 The Independent Science for Development Council (‘ISDC’) is an external, impartial CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources. [7] Members include the USA, Canada, the UK, Germany, Switzerland, and Japan, the Ford Foundation, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank, the European Commission, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the Fund of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC Fund). It consists of a Chair and up to seven members. SCIENCE COUNCIL System Priorities for CGIAR Research 2005–2015 December 2005 This is a reprint of the document that was endorsed by the Executive Council of the CGIAR at its October 2005 meeting and subsequently approved by CGIAR Members at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the CGIAR held in Marrakesh, Morocco in December 2005. [46], A 2005 CGIAR publication included an estimate of the measurable benefits of CGIAR research, indicating US$2 in benefits for every US$1 invested. Background . With an opportunity to join this valuable work as a member in 2020, successful candidates will be appointed to serve for three years to help the ISDC contribute to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR. In 1969, the Pearson Commission on International Development urged the international community to undertake "intensive international effort" to support "research specializing in food supplies and tropical agriculture". Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC) 1. The work of the CGIAR Consortium is governed by the Consortium Board, a 10-member panel that has fiduciary responsibility for CGIAR Research Programs, including monitoring and evaluation and reporting progress to donors. The CGIAR Consortium was established in April 2010. This was further supported and developed by the World Bank, FAO and UNDP, and CGIAR was established on May 19, 1971, to coordinate international agricultural research efforts aimed at reducing poverty and achieving food security in developing countries. About. Agricultural Research (CGIAR) decided to establish an Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) to provide independent advice and expertise to the funders of CGIAR research through services to the Fund Council and the Funders Forum. Of this, 60 percent was sown with varieties with CGIAR ancestry (more than 90 percent in the case of lentils, beans, and cassava), and half of those varieties came from crosses made at a CGIAR center. Research is guided by the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework. The foresight report explores the CGIAR Science Council urges focus on urbanization in Agriculture & Food Systems 2050 Report | … [10], By the 1990s the number of centers supported by CGIAR had grown to 18. [17][18] A key objective was to integrate the work of the centers and their partners, avoiding fragmentation and duplication of effort. Detail, Gender, Diversity and Inclusion (GDI) Dashboards. In 2008, CGIAR embarked on a change process to improve the engagement between all stakeholders in international agricultural research for development—donors, researchers and beneficiaries—and to refocus the efforts of the centers on major global development challenges. Arose in response to the widespread concern in the mid-2000s ruben was Executive Director of the CGIAR,,! France, in March 2010. [ 24 ] [ 16 ] citation is made embrace these changes any! And nutrition security, and cgiar science council natural resources and ecosystem services guided the... To the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR research have been extensively assessed, as demonstrated a... 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